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The social behaviour of cow-

             Social importance of cow will never ignored. that it has various angle of connection with our human society.For example it generate high quality food,skin for multipurpose use  , crores of employment,high quality soil additives as dung and bone,consume extra agricultural part of farm,and live like our family member.


Research has shown that cows clearly understand cause-and-effect relationships—a sure sign of advanced cognitive abilities..Researchers have found that not only can cows figure out problems, they also, like humans, enjoy the intellectual challenge and get excited when they find a solution


       According to research, cows are generally very intelligent animals who can remember things for a long time. Animal behaviorists have found that cows interact in socially complex ways, developing friendships over time and sometimes holding grudges against other cows who treat them badly


Cow milk as a source of salts, minerals, and vitamins

         Cow milk is a homogeneous diet and content Calcium, phosphate, magnesium, sodium, potassium, citrate, and chlorine are all included as minerals and they typically occur at concentration of 5–40 mM. The milk salts strongly interact with casein, most notably calcium phosphate. It is present in excess and often, much greater excess of solubility of solid calcium phosphate. In addition to calcium, milk is a good source of many other vitamins. Vitamins A, B6, B12, C, D, K, E, thiamine, niacin, biotin, riboflavin, folates, and pantothenic acid are all present in milk.

Milk is packed with calcium, vitamins and proteins in abundance which makes it the perfect food to start your day Bapuji say that milk is a complete food of human.


Cow dairy as a source of employment

       The majority of the world’s poor live in rural areas in developing countries. They depend on agriculture production for income and food security. Poor people should not have their income or food security deriving from a single source; they need a number of safety nets or livelihood diversifications.

    Although dairying requires a lot of labour, the demand is evenly distributed over the year and creates income opportunities beyond the farm gate. Dairy development often increases the workload of women, but it is also an opportunity for them to become more actively involved in an economic activity and the process of change. Furthermore dairying generates a regular income for farming communities and this encourages men and women to participate in milk production activities.

       Employment opportunities in the rural non-farm economy Most of the work involved in milk production on the farm is done by family members. It is estimated that smallholder dairy farming generates approximately an additional 50 full time wage employment opportunities per 1 000 litres of milk produced on a daily basis. Dairying also creates other jobs indirectly linked to milk production through supplying inputs and services to farmers. For example, small-scale traders are an important, and often a cost effective, link between producers and consumers while they generate income for themselves.

Bullock transportation in india

  India is an agricultural country, 70% of people here depend on agriculture ox cart is the main means of transportation. The oxen were plowing the land too. The modern science have proven that  - oxen tractor, water pump, flour machine , power generators, and various types of machine can also be operated by oxen .

Cow Base Economy -

    From the early age India developed cow base economy. So cow is  its  undivided  part,It is considered that the economy of india was still predominantly agricultural and cow progeny is its backbone. Bulls and bullocks are useful not only as draught animal but also for agricultural purposes and breeding. They never cease to be useful as their dung is also a form of rich manure. Considering their usefulness, it was felt necessary to preserve and protect this cow progeny, including bulls and bullocks.

"THE COW is a poem of pity. One reads pity in the gentle animal. She is the mother to millions of Indian mankind. Protection of the cow means protection of the whole dumb creation of God. The ancient seer, whoever he was, began with the cow. The appeal of the lower order of creation is all the more forcible because it is speechless."

 - Mahatma Gandhi

From "Young India", Oct 6, 1921, p.36.



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