It is written in the Hindu scriptures that the cow is the superior most animal in the world. We understand the importance, usefulness and necessity of the Cows through religious, spiritual and scientific point of views. To know; how to serve the generations of the cow and how to get more of it, let us understand it by starting with a calf's birth.
1. At the time of the birth and after the birth, bull-calf requires good care and after standing of calf-heifer, cow nipple is given in its mouth, calf-heifer starts sucking in milk. If it is unable to drink the milk then to teach it the same, a finger needs to be put in its mouth immersed with light milk and then Calf-heifer starts drinking it. When the calf-heifer is little grown up (10-15 days), some tender fodder is served with milk, so that cow's calf does not remain hungry. When it grows up to 15 days, it is fed with some flour, salt and turmeric powder. The calf-heifer, for the duration of at least three months, is fed with enough milk, therefore cow's milk is extracted only after calf-heifers has consumed it adequately. Now the calf is given food in the form of grains and thus with this way of food and nutrition the cow's calf becomes useful and of exquisite breed. If the calf-heifer becomes malnourished then it gets too weak to get enough milk from. Therefore, special care is to be taken for the nourishment of the calf. Similarly, if the calf-heifer is continued with this nutrition then in four years, it becomes capable of reproduction.
2. When the cow calf is capable to conceive, then it is made to have the intercourse with the superior breed of the bull, so that a fine breed of calf can be produced. And if the calf is of good breed then he can be sent to cowshelters (Gaushallas) or other sheds in the villages so that cows reproduction is promoted. If the breed of the calf is poor even then as a bull can function well in the farm work .
3. If the cow is going to deliver a calf, in that case a person monitors the whole task and keeps the cow tied with the rope because gaumaata (cow) does not want anybody to come near to her at the time of delivery of calf-heifer. At the time of birth of calf-heifer, cow is stroked, fondled, loved and offered good nutrition feed so cow gets the strength to bear the pains. Proper attention and care are kept in mind to reduce the pains especially while cutting the umbilical cord and immediately after the birth , the calf-heifer is brought in front of the cow, so that gaumata (cow) can lick and clean it with plenty of love.
4. At least one person is always present to take care and especially for monitoring because after the birth of the calf-heifer, the placenta ( cord which fed calf-heifer in the womb) drops. If cow or any dog eats the placenta , it can harm to the gaumata (cow) and hence to avoid this, the placenta is buried in the ground by digging in a pit. If the placenta takes more than 10 hours to fall, then to ease the fall of the placenta, roots of Shundia with jaggery are boiled or fenugreek seeds with jaggery are boiled and this preparation is given to the cow.
5. Before the birth of the calf-heifer 500 grams of ghee is given to the cow because ghee is a thing which lessers the trouble of cow at the time of delivery. Likewise if 15-20 days before the birth of calf-heifer, cow is given two to four kilos of ghee, it is good for the health of gaumata (Cow) as well as calf-heifer.
6. After the birth of the calf-heifer cow is washed with little warm water, and is fed with low volume boiled millet with grass for three to four times a day, then gradually celery flowers with millet are added in cow's feed. it can also be started even after four weeks of delivery, and to enhance the flavor Bharda, fenugreek, jaggery, makhana, coconut kernel is also added in feed. Warm water is offered to the cow. Green fodder is given to cow after ten to fifteen days.
7. Sometimes after the delivery, some cows have the problems of falling of the uterus out of the body. In that case, immediately cow needs to stand up and with appropriate treatment by a veterinary doctor it is (uterus) pushed inside. If timely care is not taken it can turn fatal for gaumata. Sometimes the cow nipple (udder) are hardened, and blood also seems coming out along with the milk, if it happens then it needs to be treated promptly by a veterinary doctor.
8. After four-five days of the birth, the calf-heifer is given milk in full amount only twice a day. Sometimes it happens that a grown up heifer-calf too tries to drink the milk and in this way gaumata becomes weak. And if gaumata is again expecting, then there are chances that upcoming calf will be too weak. Therefore, when cow stops giving milk we separate the calf-heifer from the cow.
9. After four-five days of the birth, the calf-heifer is given milk in full amount only twice a day. Sometimes it happens that a grown up heifer-calf too tries to drink the milk and in this way gaumata becomes weak. And if gaumata is again expecting, then there are chances that upcoming calf will be too weak. Therefore, when cow stops giving milk we separate the calf-heifer from the cow.
10. Usually while milking the Gaumata, her legs need to be tied but at times there are some very quiet and humble cows too who allow to get milked even without their legs tied.
11. While milking the Gaumata, calf heifers are allowed to consume the milk first, then the cows legs are tied to ensure safety and then when the calf has drun sufficient milk, it is separated and the cow nipples are washed with the luke warm water. Then the cow is patted gently, Cow is served proper fodder to eat so that milking is carried out easily.
12. Usually people reduce the quantity of the nutritious fodder to the Gau Mata but this should not be done as it adversely affects the health of the Gau mata and as a result, gradually GauMata becomes lean. The cow should be fed adequate amount of fodder till it is giving the milk, however a certain amount of nutritious fodder should be regularly fed even after it stops giving the milk.
13. In the olden days, Gaumata used to get enough open space to wander and consume the natural fodder but it is not so now, the physical efficiency to work of the people is comparatively lowered now. We try to provide all sorts of facilities to the cow. We keep our cows under a shed during the rains and when rain stop, we allow them to wander in open. We are extra careful during the monsoon season because the cows are at high vulnerability to fall sick in this season. Similarly, cows are given extra nutrition during the winters in form of oil, jeggery etc so that gaumata gets adequate strength and immunity against cold. Not only this, but the entire shed where Gaumata lives, is covered with the blanket and tent etc. During summers, those are kept under green and airy trees in free space. Clean and cold water is given to drink and gaumata is bathed time to time. People keep Gaumata on the cemented floor but we prefer to provide her the natural floor of clay and sand so that she feels comfortable and happy.
14. We should provide an adequate amount of nutritious fodder to the cow everyday, however the cow tries to eat excessively which she can not digest. Hence we need to be extremely cautious that she does not eat in excess. Along with this, feeding her everyday with green fodder is also very much necessary, and we give it daily so as to maintain Cow's good health.
15. According to a popular marwadi saying in Rajasthan, we should feed the cow adequately and with rich fodder, only then we get a superior quality of milk, butter and ghee from her. If the gaumata is starved from the adequate nutritious food, she may become weak.
16. Wherever it is discussed about the cows, usually people opine that cows give lesser milk than the buffaloes and are more expensive to rear up, cow milk is also cheaper in price as compared to buffalo milk, etc illusions are prevalent among many. But in reality it is not the case. If we see it from the financial point of view, one cow is more beneficial than one buffalo. If we have a good quality bull, the offsprings from it would be of superior quality, it will give good amount of milk, not only this much, but the calf would also have a higher price which would be far more beneficial than the buffalo. Regarding fodder, the diet of the cow is almost half than that of a buffalo. One buffalo eats just double amount of fodder than what is required for one cow. Also we all are aware that the cow urine, cow dung have tremendous benefits which is not the same case with the buffaloes. Apart from this, the cow has numerous religious, spiritual and the scientific significance which buffalo does not have. Now think, which is more beneficial, a cow or a buffalo?
It is necessary that one generation of the cow is generous to enhance the value and quality of cow milk. People have deserted the bulls, that is why the quantity of cow has gone down. The hard work which man does for conserving the land and water, if some amount of it is put in taking care of a good quality bull too, then good breeds of calves can be obtained which will be further helpful in obtaining 8-10 litres of milk per calf. This is being done in many places now, we too do it n our gaushalas. There are several good breeds of milking cows, those cows should be kept in the gaushalas and be united with a good quality of bull only. Such cows must be prevented from the lower quality bulls roaming on the roadside. This will help in producing good breeds of calves. When the generations of good breeds cows will increase, even United Nations will change its narrow mentality about this. When one bull is united with a cow, it is fed one KG jaggery.